Girtline-blocks are strapped in the house, and the girtlines reeved. SHROUDS are warped out on the floor, as the lower shrouds are, and fitted to the circumference of the topmast-head. When worming is wanted to be cut without waste, observe this general rule. Once the length of the service, multiplied by the number of strands, or intervals, and one-third more added, gives the length of the worming. Twelve fathoms of service, in a four-strand-rope, will take 64 fathoms of rope for worming; and for a three-strand-rope, 48 fathoms. VANGS. The braces that keep steady the peek of gaff sails and fore-and-aft sails.
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GRIPES. Short ropes with dead eyes, used to confine the boats to the deck. FID. A square bar of iron, or wood, driven through a hole in the heel of a top-mast, when raised at the head of a lower-mast; it, resting on the trestle-trees, supports the top-masts, &c. The top-gallant-mast is retained in the same manner at the head of the top-mast, and the royal mast above that. CLAMP. A crooked iron plate, fastened to the after-end of the main-cap of snows, to secure the trysail-mast.
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Spans are sometimes fastened at both ends, and have a block in the bight. They are used to lead ropes through, which pass through the blocks or thimbles, to encrease power, or to prevent their swinging about. PUDDENING. A thick wreath, made of rope, fastened about the main and fore masts of a ship, to prevent their yards from falling down, when the ropes that support them are injured.
LANIARDS. Short small ropes to make fast the shrouds, stays, &c. LACING. Fastening the head of a sail to a mast, yard, gaff, &c. By a line turned spirally round them, and reeved through the eyelet-holes in the sail. When a sail is laced to a mast, it is best to take cross turns, backwards and forwards, on the fore-side of the mast only, so that the sail may slide up or down. KEVELS. Sailing Ship Ropes of timber, whose lower ends rest in a step or foot nailed to the ship’s sides; the heads branch out like horns, to belay ropes to. GROMMETS. Rings made of worn rope, which are used to confine the nock of spritsails to the mast, and the oars of boats to the pins, instead of rowlocks, &c.
Each vessel has an overall length of less than 131 feet and a waterline length of at least 30 feet. The difference between class d and c is that class d vessels spinnaker like sails. In the Table of Dimensions for standing and running rigging will be found dimensions of all blocks for their respective uses and situations. SHROUDS are fitted as the topmast-shrouds are, except that, instead of a sister-block, a thimble is seized in the two foremost pair on each side, close up to the hounds.